## The Measurement of Time

SPACE, TIME and LIGHT are intangible, without identifiable dimensions, immeasurable and seemingly inexplicable.

Space is the distance between two separate things, places or points of reference, whereby the position of one in relation to the other, is used to determine the measurement of the amount of Space between the two.

Light can be seen to start at the point of combustion establishing only the place where it starts, whereas two points of reference are required in order to apply any kind of measurement. The reflection of light in a mirror is a reflection of the starting point, it does not establish a second point of reference.

Light from the Sun is seen to be blocked and unblocked at regular intervals by the movement of the Terminator, the shadow of Earth upon itself, reflecting the movement of Earth not the movement of Light. Daylight hours are a measure of Time equal to a 180° movement of earth about the Polar Axis.

Time measures movement over distance to calculate Speed.

The speed of one Earth rotation equals the length of a day. It was first used in this context to calibrate the circular movement of the hands on clocks and watches to calculate a (smaller) more accurate scale of Time within a day. One day divided by 24 =1hour, one hour divided by 60 = 1minute, one minute divided by 60 = 1second.

When identified within the parameters of tangible things Space and Time become measurements, mathematical calculations of movement and distance, nothing more than a numerical fact, only a number.

Numbers are meaningless without the fixed standard amount to which they apply, therefore, all standard measurements are named and numbered on instruments such as rulers, tape measures, protractors, clocks, watches, timers, calendars, compasses, thermometers, etc,  for the purpose of taking accurate measurements in all fields of endeavour.

The circumference of the Equator defines the distance around the outermost extent of the Earth’s rotational movement where the overall measurement of Time was calculated as a Standard Day. By calculating the timing and distance of a rotation as one measurement of 360°, divided by 24 to equal 15°per 1hour, divided by 60 to equal 0.25°per 1minute, divided by 60 to equal 0.0041°per 1second, the scale of a new measurement named Speed was established on speedometers.

This composite measurement was at the root of the Industrial Revolution, accurate Timing was essential to the development of mass production. It started as a measurement, changed the way people worked and lived, crept into our language and changed the perception of Time from intangible to tangible with constant reference to Time and Speed (timing),  until Time and Speed became nouns to which adjectives and verbs were added, thereby creating an illusion in the mind.

We all think we have Time, can save Time (daylight saving), give Time, spend Time, buy Time, make Time, waste Time, and that to physically travel back and forth in Time, will one day be possible, in the minds of many.

The fact is, the ground speed of Earth rotations around the Equator is 1037.58mph, slowing by 11.5379mph per one degree of latitude as the circles decrease in size, down to a standstill at 90°Lat. North and South at the Pole. When shown on a numerical scale the speed varies according to distance at one standard rate of Time.

Time is the constant factor on which all calculations rest because it is set on an infinite scale derived from the perpetual predictable movement of Earth.

Man made accounts of Time, set at the Meridian, are only interim accounts which allow past, present, and future events to be recorded in Chronological Order to establish and maintain (Law and) Order accordingly. Time is an account of the number of Earth rotations made during our lifetime, beyond which Time is infinite and immeasurable.

Man made measurements of Space are limited to the distance between two tangible objects, or places, on the Earth, beyond which Space is infinite and immeasurable.

The measurement of distance is not an ongoing interim measurement of Space.  Therefore the measurement of speed can only be applied to a measured distance on the Earth, as shown on the following scales.

These charts show the measurement of Time and distance on two separate scales, to calculate Earth Orientation, to the accuracy of a second, at any time and place, according to one Universal Time.

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity is based on the composite measurement of Speed suggesting that Time, Space and Light, are shown to be of tangible dimensions, relative to the measurement of Distance.

He  failed to recognise Speed as two unrelated measurements of Time (Earth rotations), and Distance (the Space between two tangible objects) and claimed to have measured the speed of Light which, of itself, is without dimensions/immeasurable.

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity was the fore runner to thousands of other miscalculated Scientific theories based on meaningless numbers unrelated to any established Standard Measurements of movement, distance, or Time. Everyone had been caught up in the illusion that Speed was a new singular measurement, as suggested by the new terminology which had crept into our language during the Industrial Revolution.

Universal Date and Time

© 2019 Joyce Parsons